Yabancı Öğreniciler İçin Dinleme Becerisine Yönelik Üstbilişsel Dereceli Puanlama Anahtarı

Deniz Melanlıoğlu
497 244

Abstract


Dinleme, bir yabancı dilin öğrenilmeye başlamasında ilk basamağı oluşturur. Öğrenici, bu ilk basamakta ne kadar sağlam temeller oluşturursa diğer beceri ve öğrenmeler için ön bilgisi de o derece gelişir. Bu nedenle öğretmenlerin, öğrenicinin dinleme becerisindeki gelişimini gözlemlemesi, hangi aşamalarda problemle karşılaştığını belirlenmesi ve bunun giderilmesine yönelik öğretim etkinliklerini planlanması gerekir. Bunun için üstbiliş stratejileri yol gösterici olabilir. Üstbiliş stratejilerinin dikkate alındığı bir dinleme eğitim süreci aksaklıkların giderilmesinde ve gelişimin tam olarak gözlenmesinde Türkçenin yabancı dil olarak öğretimine önemli katkılar sunabilir. Üstbiliş stratejilerini öğrenciye kazandırma noktasında dereceli puanlama anahtarları kullanılabilir. Türkçe öğrenen yabancıların dinleme becerilerindeki gelişimi görmek ve desteklemek için bu çalışmada üstbiliş stratejilerine uygun bir dereceli puanlama anahtarı geliştirmek amaçlanmıştır.


Keywords


Yabancılara Türkçe öğretimi; dinleme becerisi; dereceli puanlama anahtarı; ölçme değerlendirme

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17556/jef.20880

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